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The History of...

Pop Music History

In this section you will find fully referenced essays on the historical development of a range of styles of music.

Dub Music

The word 'dub' today is used to describe a genre of music that consists predominantly of instrumental re-mixes of existing recordings. These re-mixes radically manipulate and reshape the recording through the use of sound effects. The production and mixing process is not used just to replicate the live performance of the recording artist, but audio effects and studio 'trickery' are seen as an integral part of the music. The roots of dub can be traced back to Jamaica in the late 1960s, where it is widely accepted that Osbourne Ruddock pioneered the style Ruddock turned the mixing desk into an instrument, with the deejay or mixer playing the role of the artist or performer. These early dub examples can be looked upon as the prelude to many dance and pop music genres...

Hip Hop

The term 'hip hop' is used to describe a cultural movement, which includes specialised styles of dance, graffiti art and music. The music's early roots can be traced to the South Bronx of New York during the mid-1970s, where Kool Herc earned the accolade of the 'first hip hop DJ'. He experimented with innovative turntable techniques, 'transforming the turntable from a static playback machine into a highly expressive instrument', looping rhythmical sections of popular recordings together, enabling the DJ to keep the beat/music (hence the dance) going indefinitely....


The word 'electronica' today is used by the media to describe a genre of music consisting of a plethora of sub-genres from popular forms to underground experimental music. It was born from the German psychedelic synthesiser bands that appeared at the end of the 1960s and went on to become a mainstream music style that has had an influence over the direction of popular music since its inspection...